Livestock


Cattle management
Dairy, Beef, Poultry, Horses, Rabbits…………… The Lewis County Conservation District works with landowners and/or operators to develop a plan for the property to include recommendations for waste utilization, forage production, mud management, and more. Cost share may also be available through the District. The projects are ranked and funded when grant money is available. Previous examples of cost shared items include stream fences, manure spreaders, dry-stacks (for composting and manure storage), gutters and downspouts, and animal waste systems to name a few. Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) applications are being accepted by the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) on a continuous basis and projects are ranked annually.

Sample Plan Pages

Summary

Plan Summary for Rusty Bucket Farm

Two brothers have farmed this land for five years and were concerned with the current conditions and decided they needed assistance. The first two years the cattle and horses had full access to the stream. Then one brother observed spawning salmon in the stream so they put up an electric fence. They would like to put up a permanent fence but they have limited funds.Horse and Foal

The soils present on the farm include Galvin, Lacamas, Melbourne, and Reed. Currently, soil compaction is an issue due to animals being on the fields in the winter. The landowners have decided to confine the cattle and the horses in a sacrifice area (a small field where the ground is allowed to be trampled to save the rest of the field) near the barn in the headquarters two area. Wood chips are going to be brought in to keep the area from becoming muddy. The manure will be scraped off in the spring and spread on the fields at agronomic rates. The animals will be allowed to graze first on fields 1 and 6 in the spring because the Galvin and Melbourne soils are better drained. The management of the pigs is going to stay the same.

The brothers really want better grass production so they have decided to also utilize rotational grazing. They are planning on dividing the pasture with electric fences and moving the animals every seven days. Reseeding would really help them reach their goal of maximum production. They have applied for cost share from the conservation district. With the current yields, the farm is producing 148% of the nutrient needs of the grass. With improved yields, manure will meet 50% of the nutrient needs of the grass.

After being made aware of the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) they have decided to buffer the stream with the 35 foot buffer. This voluntary program will pay for the fence they want along the stream. They considered the larger buffer but they want to maximize use of their farm fields. Overall, this is a viable farm and the brothers should be able to meet their production goals.

Objectives

Inventory for Rusty Bucket Farm

Animal Data

  • 30 mixed breed beef cows weighing 1000 pounds
  • 30 calves per year. Born in the spring and sold in the fall.
  • Rent a 1300 pound bull for 3 months in the spring.
  • Two Quarter Horses that weigh 1200 pounds each
  • The farmers love bacon so they raise 3 batches of 10 pigs at a time. The average weight of the pigs is 200 pounds.

Existing Animal Waste Storage

  • Pig waste is stored in the barn over the winter
  • Cattle and horses graze year round so no manure is collected

Animal Confinement Period

  • Cattle and horses are not currently confined
  • Swine are confined all year

Acres

  • Own fifty acres
  • Use 41.5 acres for pasture

Waste Distribution Method

  • Own a small manure spreader that they use to spread the pig manure in the spring

Other Information

  • A small stream flows through the property. Spawning coho have been observed in the stream in the fall
  • The landowner has an electric fence to keep the animals out of the stream but they occasionally break through

Soil Information

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Current

Planned

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